For the European Commission (DG EAC)

The study is a follow up to KEA’s groundbreaking 2006 research on the Economy of Culture in Europe which assessed the economic and social importance of the Culture sector for the first time at EU level. It looks at the impact of the digital revolution on the different creative value chains (visual arts, performing arts, cultural heritage, artistic crafts, book publishing, music, film, TV and broadcasting as well as multimedia). This study analyses how value is created and distributed within each cultural and creative sector, from the conception to the commercialisation of cultural goods and services.

Full report
Executive summary EN FR


For CETIC, the Centre of Excellence in Information and Communication Technologies of Wallonia region, Belgium

A Living Lab is a real-life working platform where different stakeholders and especially end-users cooperate actively on the co-creation of innovative products or services. The KEA study underlines the main challenges that Living Labs are currently facing in order to suggest some best practices and recommendations, based on literature review and the outcomes of structured interviews with 13 European Living Labs.

1. Mapping and analysis of needs
2. Living lab internationalisation and European funding opportunities
3. A review of business and management models for living labs: theoretical and practical approach


For Fondation Mons

The aim of this study is to measure the ‘holistic’ impact of ‘Mons2015’, which isn’t based solely on usual quantitative indicators like the number of new jobs and tourists, but relies also on the locals’ experience and the effect the cultural programme had on the city’s image and on the future development plans. To achieve this, KEA developed a multidimensional evaluation model for cultural investment, created a set of 150 qualitative and quantitative indicators and carried on a research for 5 years (2012-2016) in order to compare the social and economic background of Mons before and after ‘Mons2015’.

  • Final Report: Mons 2015 – European Capital of Culture – Demystifying the risk of cultural investment, Executive report EnglishFrench
  • Evaluation Mons 2015 Capitale Européenne de la Culture – in French only
  • The impact of the cultural investment in Mons 2015 ECoC / L’impact de l’investissement culturel Mons 2015 – Capitale Européenne de la Culture – in French only

For the European Commission (DG EAC)

The research addresses the fact that the economic and social value of the CCS remains largely underestimated. The statistical codes developed since the 1950s are often not adapted to capture the creative and immaterial economy. Therefore, this study identifies alternative data sources with a view to complement official statistics. It calls on the European institutions to work with trade organisations, cultural bodies and institutions to supplement existing data sources. Additional data will contribute to firmly establish the economic and social value of culture investment as well as to understand the dynamics of the creative economy.

Full report


The Guide considers new ways to look at art and culture to explore the contribution of the latter to economic and social changes. It wants to empower cities as brokers of interdisciplinary activities involving art, culture and creative industries. by providing them with simple guidelines to support and maximise the innovation potential of culture and creative industries.

The preparation of this publication is the result of Creative SpIN, a three-year URBACT project.

Full report


For the European Parliament (Cult Committee)

This report analyses the use of Structural Funds in the period 2007-2013 and provides advice on how to facilitate access to them for the cultural sector under to Cohesion Policy for 2014-2020.

Full report EN FR


For the European Commission (DG EAC)

The study reveals the contribution of “culture-based creativity” to innovation. It illustrates the impact of culture in the development of new products, services and processes, driving technological innovation, stimulating research, optimising human resources, branding and communicating values, inspiring people to learn and building communities. The report calls for policies on innovation to recognise the cross-sectoral and multi-disciplinary aspect of creativity which mixes element of “culture-based creativity”, “economic” as well as “technological innovation.”

Executive Summary   EN   FR   DE

Full report


For the European Commission (DG EAC)

This study is a first at European level. It highlights the direct (in terms of GDP, growth and employment) as well as the indirect (links between creativity and innovation, links with the ICT sector, regional development and attractiveness) contribution of the cultural and creative sectors towards the Lisbon Agenda.

Executive Summary   EN   FR   DE

Full report




For the European Commission (DG INFSO)

This study undertaken by KEA and MINES Paris Tech sets out recommendations to ensure the presence of European films on new digital distribution platforms. It examines the economics of the copyright industries and the specifics of digital delivery in the media market. It also considers the conditions needed to achieve a single market in cultural productions. The report sets out a number of recommendations to enable European AV companies to maximise on the digital shift in the context of the EU’s powerful regulatory and support instruments.

Executive summary   EN   FR   DE

Full report


For the European Commission (DG Internal Market & Services)

The study examines why conditional access services (CAS) play a different role in non-media ISS and in media content distribution. It describes the economics of audiovisual content distribution and the role play by conditional access devices in this domain, showing that piracy incentives are numerous along the distribution chain. A legal evaluation of CAD application is then carried out, revealing that a number of weaknesses restrain the efficiency of such a regulation.

Full report


For the European Commission (DG EAC)

This report examines the legal framework governing collective management in the field of copyright and neighbouring rights in the European Union, with a particular emphasis on musical works. It also provides information on the economic, social and cultural value of collective management, predominantly in the field of music, highlighting Europe’s competitive strength in rights management and the characteristics of rights management in the European Union.

Full report




For the European Commission (DG EAC)

This mapping of Traditional Sports and Games (TSG) aims at gaining a better understanding of the landscape of organisations active in the field of TSG, at identifying and analysing a number of key actions and interesting initiatives across the European Union (EU). It also seeks to inform decision-makers on possibilities to support TSG at EU level by providing recommendations on potential actions and initiatives.

Full report


For the European Commission

At the core of this assignment lies the question of sport’s specificity and the justification for derogation from normal employment practices. The rules are examined in relation to sport’s alleged specificity as an actiivty deserving specific treatment in the implementation of general law which, to a large extent, justifies the autonomy of sports institutions in regulating their competition. This research has been undertaken in the context of the policy objective to assert a European dimension of sport that goes beyond the mere implementation of rules on the free movement of players or competition.

Executive summary  EN    Synthèse FR

Full report


For the European Commission (DG EAC)

The aim of this study is to examine the situation of sports agents in the European Union and to identify, analyse and describe the questions that their activities give rise to as well as the solutions that have already been provided by public and/or private actors. The report develops, for the first time, a European outlook on the issue of sports agents. It covers the 27 (at that time) Member States of the European Union and all the sports in which agents are currently active, while taking due account of the predominance of football.

Full report


2016 European Cultural Institutes Abroad – research for the European Parliament’s Culture Committee
2015 Development of a Regional Export Strategy for the Creative Industries Services – a value chain analysis for CARIFORUM CIs
2015 Feasibility study exploring different possible modus operandi for making available a package of European films – for the European Commission, DG CONNECT
2015 Philippe Kern and Li Leilei, ‘Converging Arts,Culture and Technologies’, in The Blue Book of Culture and Technology, China – available for purchase here
2015 Culture for Cities and Regions project – 70 case studies on practices related to cultural heritage, culture and creative industries, culture for social inclusion, social innovation and intercultural dialogue. Reports of the study visits.
2015 Connecting Arts and Business – Realising the Potential for Creative Partnerships – Conclusions of the final conference April 2015
2015 Council of Europe experts report, ART AND CULTURE, AN INVESTMENT FOR SERBIA’S FUTURE, rapporteur Philippe Kern
2014 Creating, Innovating, Disrupting through Arts and Business organisations
2014 Culture in EU External Relations – Full Report, Executive Summaries, Country Report Brazil, China, Russia
2013 Trade in Creative and Cultural Goods and Services in the context of EU-South Africa Development of Creative Industries in South Africa
2013 Study for Creative Clash March 2013 – Support Schemes for artistic interventions in Europe – a mapping and recommendations
2013 Training artists for Innovation, Competencies for new contexts – Chapter 2: ‘Training Artists for Innovation – Why, What, How?‘, policy recommendations by KEA
2013 Cultural Policy in the Russian Federation review
2012 Measuring economic impact of CCIs policies – How to justify investment in cultural and creative assets – containing benchmarking raster, CREA.RE, EU Interreg project
2011 Implementing the Cultural Provisions of CARIFORUM-EU EPA, European Centre for Development Policy Management
2011 Artistic Interventions to stimulate innovation, sustainability and inclusiveness, policy recommendations – for Tilt Europe – Creative Clash
2011 Mapping the Cultural and Creative Sectors in the EU and China, IPR2, China Ministry of  Commerce, European Commission EN CN
2011 IP Licensing as a strategic business tool for EU and China CCIs, IPR2 Programme
2010 Business Innovation Support Services for Creative Industries, European Commission
2010 Analysis of the financing needs, best practices and opportunities for the creative sector in Europe , ECCE Innovation, Nantes Métropole
2009 Development of an innovation voucher scheme to stimulate creativity in UK SMEs, NESTA, UK
2008 The Economic potential of Creative Sectors in Biscay, Bilbao Chamber of Commerce
2007 Tax incentives for Creative Industries Investment, French Ministry of Culture
2014 Contractual Arrangements applicable to creators: law and practice of selected member states, European Parliament, Legal Affairs Committee
2012 Licensing Music works and transaction costs in Europe
2012 Briefing Note: Creative Europe Media Strand, European Parliament
2012 Assessment of the Economic, Social and Cultural Impact of the Copyright Regulation of the Creative industries on Society, WIPO
2011 Audiovisual Orphan Works in Europe – National Survey, British Film Institute
2011 Study of the revision of the Cinema Communication, EFAD, European Film Agency Directors
2011 Culture and Creative Industries, “IP Licensing as a strategic business tool for EU and China CCIs,” IPR2 Programme
2010 Feasibility study on building an international market place for audiovisual professionals, Glitner
2009 Advertising rules and their effects under the new Audiovisual Media Services Directive (AVMS), European Parliament
2009 Lithuanian Audiovisual Sector Study
2008 Feasibility study on an online market place for audiovisual rights, European Parliament
2008 Economic, cultural and social impact of regional film fund activities at local level, Cine-Regio
2007 Private copying exception in the field of copyright and technological protection measures, Belgian Federal Ministry of Economy
2004 Impact of rental fees on cinema exhibition in Belgium, Federation of Belgian Cinema
2003 Piracy in the UK Audiovisual market, UK Film Council / British Film Institute
2003 Report on structures for film development at regional level in larger European Countries, UK Film Council / British Film Institute
2003 Rating practices used for audiovisual works in the EU and EEA Member States, European Commission
2002 Feasibility Study on the creation and management of a cost efficient mechanism of support to the organisation of European film festivals in third countries, European Commission
2002 Setting up of a Community mechanism to support the distribution of European works on media intended for private use, European Commission
2001 Specialised film exhibition and distribution: international case studies, UK Film Council / British Film Institute